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totalBRAINtotalMIND Vol.2: Explorations of Neuropsychological Diversity (In Preparation)

tBtM Vol.2: Contemporary Context

DSM-5 on mental disorder

“The symptoms in our diagnostic criteria are part of the relatively limited repertoire of human emotional responses to internal and external stresses that are generally maintained in a homeostatic balance without disruption to normal functioning.” (p.19)

 “A mental disorder is a syndrome characterized by clinically significant disturbance in an individual’s cognition, emotion regulation, or behavior that reflects a dysfunction in the psychological, biological, or developmental processes underlying mental functioning.” (p.20)

 “in the absence of clear biological markers or clinically useful measurements of severity for many mental disorders, it has not been possible to completely separate normal and pathological symptom expression contained in diagnostic criteria.” (p.21)


“The concept of neurodiversity provides a paradigm shift in how we think about mental functioning. Instead of regarding large populations of the American public as suffering from a deficit, disease or dysfunction in their mental processing, neurodiversity suggests that we instead speak about differences in cognitive functioning.” . . . . .“Human brains exist along continuums of competence. Rather than regarding disability categories as discrete entities, it is more appropriate to speak of spectrums or continuums of competence.”

Applying neuroscience to mental disorder

“There is a long tradition in British Psychology and psychiatry of viewing mental illnesses as the extreme ends of normal personality continua. If we define personality as long-term stability in cognition, emotion and behaviour, then we can view such illnesses as expressions of dysfunction in the systems that regulate stabilities.. . . . This perspective is important because it throws light on the nature of mental illness through the study of underlying systems in non-clinical, healthy populations, . . .”Corr, P.J., Munafo, M., Moore, R. & Kumari, V. (2013)Applying neuroscience to mental disorder. The Psychologist, Vol.26, No.1, p26.

tBtM Vol.2: Purpose

In tBtM Vol. 2 ‘Explorations of Neuropsychological Diversity’ the integrated brain/mind architecture presented in tBtM Vol.1 (with its nested hierarchy of control systems incorporating ‘emotion’ and ‘cognition’), will be used as a conceptual framework within which to systematically explore aspects of various symptomatically characterised ‘disorders-disabilities-difficulties’. Volume 2 will also explore the notions of ‘diversity’, ‘spectrum/continuum’,  and ‘deviation of function of CNS’ with reference to mental illness and mental health. In addition, it will consider the phenomena of comorbidity of conditions, and inverse relationships of conditions, in terms of the inter-relatedness of various control systems performance characteristics.

tBtM Vol.2: Content

‘Explorations of Neuropsychological Diversity’ will cover a number of topics including:

Attention Difficulties (including ADD/ADHD)Specific learning difficulties (including Dyslexia, Dyscalculia, and Dyspraxia/Dysgraphia)Autism,  including Asperger’s syndromeSchizophrenia – various aspects (including Auditory Verbal Hallucinations)Epilepsy (including Psychogenic Non-Epileptic Seizures)DissociationDepressionREM sleep disordersParkinson’s disease (including ‘cognitive’ aspects)Mental ‘health’

tBtM Vol.2: Future Availability For Download

“Initially, the various topics covered by tBtM Vol.2 will be made available as a series of free ‘mini-papers’ available here.”

Eventually, as ‘Explorations of Neuropsychological Diversity’, tBtM Vol.2  will be made available in whole as an e-book compilation of the various e-paper topics.

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